英语高考复习.ppt

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'英语高考复习.ppt'

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1、2009 英语高考复习 He who laughs last laughs best !临考指导 全程反思 理清思路 发现问题 突出重点 He who laughs last laughs best !09高考英语题型和时间安排 内容 节题量计分时间第一部分英语知识运用部分一(单选)201012’二(完型)202018’第二部分阅读理解一(常规阅读)204040’二(任务型阅读)51010’第三部分 写作一(改错)101010’二(写作)13030’总计75+1120120’一、总体应试策略(strategies)1、考前几天应该如何调节自己的心态,让自己发挥最好的水平?2、是否非要按序答题?3、试卷来不及答怎么办?4、何时填涂答题卡? 5、怎样应对熟词生义的现象?.如: power能力(中心意义,泛指)---权力、体力、精力、智力、动力、电力、机械能(次要意义,专指,词义缩小)---有权。

2、力的人、有影响的机构、强国、大国(抽象转为具体)---用动力发动、推动(名词转化为动词)character特征、特点---汉字(其字形源于事物的“特征”)I.单项选择(语法.词汇.习语--- 重要项目年年考,较重要项目轮换考)要点:动词时态 2. 动词辨析 3.非谓语动词 4.连词及关系代词 5.不定代词 6.形容词 7. 副词 8.名词 9.冠词 10.情态动词+完成式 11. 交际用语 *强化语境因素,注重语篇分析**常用短语, 句型, 习惯搭配务必记实,记清和 记全二、题型应试策略 解题技巧:1).注意分析句子结构,注意句式变化,确定选择方向。 Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others , , of course , made the others envy him . A. who B. that C.。

3、 what D, which 2).认真分析语境,准确理解和把握信息。 --- Has Sam finished his homework today? --- I have no idea. He ____ it this morning. A. did B. has done C, was doing D. had done 3).正确理解句意,避免定势思维。---I can't find Mr. Smith. Where did you meet him this morning?---- It was in the hotel ______ he stayed. A, where B. which C. the one D. that4).排除母语干扰,规范英语表达。 ---- Excuse me, ________?---- That's $35.76 altogether , 。

4、madam. how much is the meal we've had B. but can I take your orderC, could I have the bill, please D. would you please take the money5).注意学会还原法(1) 被动语态还原为主动语态. 1. John was made _____ the truck for a week as a punishment. A, to wash B. wash C. washing D. to be washing(2) 复合句分解成简单句. 2. Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had _____ went wrong again. A. it B. it repaire。

5、d C, repaired D. to be repaired(3) 疑问句还原陈述句.3. a. Is this the school _____ we visited last year? b. Is this school _____ we visited last year? A. the one, B, that C. at which D. one(4) 感叹句还原成陈述句. 4. Oh, John! ____ you gave us! A. How a pleasant surprise B. How pleasant surprise C, What a pleasant surprise D. What pleasant surprise(5) 倒装语序还原成正常语序5. So difficult ____ it to live in an English speakin。

6、g country that I determined to learn English well.A. I have left B. have I left C. I did feel D, did I feel(6)强调结构还原成常见的陈述结构。6. It was for this reason ____ her uncle moved out of New York and settled down in a small village.A. which B. why C, that D. how(7)简单句还原成复合句7. Will those ____ the children from abroad come to the headmaster’s office?A, teaching B. teach C. who teaches D. who teaching8. The 。

7、old man, ____ abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland.to work B. working C. to have worked D, having worked6)情景会话单选题1. -----Do you think it's going to rain over the weekend? ----- _______ . I don't believe B. I don't believe it C. I believe not so D, I believe not 2. — Do you think I could borrow your dictionary? — ____.A. Yes, you may borrow B. Yes, you could C. Yes, help yo。

8、urself , D. Yes, so onII.完形填空要点: 摈弃”一步到位”的心态 着眼文意理解 花五分钟上下求索 左顾右盼 瞻前顾后技巧:1.通读全文:注意标题,开头,结尾, 抓线索, 觅信息词2.仔细选择:迅速判断空格中含的句子结构,句型,短语,判断要填的空格中所需的词性,句子成分和词义。3.验证答案:摸棱两可的答案,还是以第一印象为主提醒: 完”形” 须先完”义”策略指导:(1)解题步骤第一步:跳读首尾句,判断文体,预测主题。   第二步:通读全文,把握大意。第三步:逐句细读,确定选项。第四步:再次阅读,复查答案。(2)解题技巧①.根据上下文语境来确定最佳选项 ②.根据生活常识及文化背景知识进行逻辑推理 ③.根据词语的习惯用法和固定搭配来选择答案 ④.根据词汇的意义及用法辨析词义从而确定答案⑤.利用语法分析解题 ⑥.利用语篇标志解题 ⑦.利用排除法解题 ⑧.摆脱定势逆向思维 I。

9、II.阅读理解要点:言之有理, 言之有据注意三种语言:文章表达语言,试卷命题语言和应试答题语言。忠实于原文,不断章取义,看清问题,看完所有选项再选择, 复查注意答案的一体性,不自相矛盾,首先核准关键答案,以防一错皆错。误区: 1) 题目没有慢读 2)看问题有些孤立 3)选答案时没有注意辨别 技巧:去伪存真: 选项间意思,形式相似的句子应仔 细推敲,从文中找出确凿的证据, 确保判断的正确性2.合理猜词:警惕题目中利用词汇多义性而设置的陷阱3.注意特殊句型意义:特别注意虚拟语气, 部分否定, 特殊句型的语句, 谨防以假作真4.关键句简化结构须谨慎5.重视关联词意义6.客观追踪作者思路, 谨防片面钻牛角尖, 而不考虑通篇情况7. 注意掌握不同文体特点: 1.) 说明文,科普文首句常为主题句 2.)记叙文首句交代时间,地点,人物等因素 3.)新闻报道首句往往概括事件全貌 4.)应用文字里行间找所需。

10、信息8.谨填修改答案:摸棱两可,不改为好,除非找到确凿证据9.合理猜答争分:速度慢来不及答或难而无法答的, 不应留空, 得机会分.IV.书面表达:(*用黑水笔写作文)要点:该写什么: 审题,明确规定任务,决定内容要点怎么写: 明白要点---提炼要点---扩充细节 ---组织语篇---检查语句考试说明要求: 1. 切中题意 2. 语言准确得当 3. 条理清楚文体: 记叙文 ,说明文 , 应用文题材: 中学生熟悉的生活常识范围之内 解题步骤与技巧审题:弄清体裁与题材,看清提示和注意点, 确定格式、人称、时态。抓点:用重点句型和短语列出要点。造句:将要点扩写成句。成文:连句成文。正确使用过渡词,使行文流 畅。并注意段与段的衔接。改错:注意时态、标点是否正确。词数量是否 符合要求等。誊写:修改无误后,认真规范地誊写在规定的 地方。(不要答出方框外)**写作步骤①看题目、看要求、看体裁;②定文体、定。

11、人称、定时态;③选要点、选要词、选句型;④重条理、重过渡、重书写。三个重点:看: 认真审题 (按要求写作---格式, 人称,时态, 主题)2.思:打英文腹稿3.写:运用所学词汇和短语写作, 运用简单, 熟悉的句 型和词汇,将要点扩展成句.难点: 汉译英(尤其是文字提示类型)检查:是否跑题 2. 人称是否合乎要求3. 结构是否正确(主谓一致, 时态,语态, 单复数, 动词各形式)4.层次过度是否自然,单词拼写,大小写,标点符号是否正确) 5.要点是否遗漏 6.词数是否达标 容易扣分的环节①英语标点符号和大小写使用错误。②文章里面出现汉字、汉语拼音等。③时间分配不合理,给作文留的时间太少,文章没有写完。一般说,每篇文章有5个左右的基本要点,要注意抓全,避免遗漏,同时也要注意要点的组织和条理化④书写的好坏会直接影响阅卷老师的情绪。文章缺乏必要的构思,卷面不工整,涂改现象严重者扣6分。⑤文章词数少。

12、于80或超过规定方筐要求的会被扣分。注意:力求简明,不追求”词汇丰富”,谨防弄巧成拙熟记常用句型背范文,记格式 (日记,信,口头通知,书面通知,便条等)4.忌不审题5.忌写长句,从句套从句 如何谋求书面表达的高分 语言表达中需要增加一些“亮点”。语言生动、流畅是近年书面表达题评分标准中提出的新要求,语言幼稚、生硬的作文得分一般不会超过及格分。基础稍好的同学应该尽量变化语言的表达方式,尝试使用较为高级的语言,同时注意突出段落中心,用好过渡性语句,使短文自然流畅。1).使用高级词汇,增加文章的亮点2).适当使用替代词,同位语,介词短语,形容词短语,非谓语动词等,使语言更精练.3).变换句式,使表达丰富多彩 a) 用并列连词把意义相关的几个句子连起来,避免句子冗长累赘,松散无力,使句子凝炼,层次清晰b) 试着改变句子的开头,不要一味地都是主语开头,接着是谓语,宾语,最后加一个状语.要灵活应用倒装。

13、句、强调句、主从复合句、分词状语等,这样能增加文章的节奏和韵律美.c) 在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句型,要灵活运用各种语法结构,使文章有声有色 4. 以下做法是增加句子复杂性的常见方法,也是得高分的“亮点”。改变句子的开头方式,不要一味地都是主语开头,接着是谓语、宾语,最后再加一个状语。可以把状语置于句首,或用分词做状语等。 B). 在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如倒装句、强调句、主从复合句、分词状语等。V.举例: (1)写作中常用的词语并列 and; as well as ; also;选择 or; either—or; or else; otherwise原因 because ; owing to; due to ;on account of ; thanks to结果 so ; therefore ; thus ; as a result时间 when ;soo。

14、n after ; before; later ; first ; and then; next ; finally; afterwards.比较 on the contrary ; on the other hand ; like转折 but ; yet; however ; although; in spite of ; instead ; 递进 besides ; moreover ; even ; in addition举例 for example/instance; such as ; that is ; 总结 after all ; in short ; in general ; generally speaking, in all, in a word(2)文章及段落起始的过渡词:To begin withTo begin with, I’d like to express 。

15、my thanks to you.Generally speakingGenerally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write in English.First of all First of all, doing exercise every day is important in keeping fit.(3)文章及段落结尾的过渡词语:Therefore, thusTherefore (thus), it takes longer time to communicatein written English than in oral English.In conclusionIn conclusion, the international agreement should be made to。

16、 prevent the world from the warIn briefIn brief, birth control is very important in China.In a wordIn a word, country life is more beautiful than city life.(4)巧妙转换句型,轻松应对写作 在高考英语写作题中,由于时间的限制,许多考生写出的句子显得过于单调、呆板。其实,要想在有限的时间里写出丰富、生动的句子并不难。只要对所学的英语句式加以转换,就一定能使写出来的句子更加准确、得体、简洁、灵活。 1、词与词之间的转换1). 形容词转换为名词This painting is very valuable.This painting is of great value.2). 动词转换为名词Our hometown has changed a 。

17、lot these years.Great changes have taken place in my hometown these years.2、词与从句的转换As he was tired and hungry, the boy was unwilling to move onTired and hungry, the boy was unwilling to move on.3、非谓语动词与从句之间的转换1). 动名词和从句的转换When he arrives, please give me an e-mail. On hearing his arrival, please give me an e-mail.2). 分词和从句的转换A. 现在分词与从句的转换As he was lying in the grass, he thought of his parents livin。

18、g in the countryside.Lying in the grass, he thought of his parents living in the countryside.B. 过去分词与从句的转换Once it is seen, it will never be forgotten.Once seen, it will never be forgotten3). 不定式与从句的转换He spoke louder so that the audience could hear him clearly.To make himself heard clearly, he spoke louder.4、独立主格与从句的转换If weather permits, we shall go there on foot.= Weather permitting, we shall go t。

19、here on foot. If everything is considered, his plan seems to be more workable.= Everything taken into consideration, his plan seems to be more workable. When this was done, we went home.= This done, we went home.Given good luck, I will earn more money than all of you.= Good luck given, I will earn more money than all of you.Because there was nothing to do, we played games.= There being nothing to 。

20、do, we played games.5、句与句之间的转换1). 简单句与复合句的转换The girl is spoken highly of. Her composition was well written. = The girl whose composition was well written is spoken highly of.2). 一般句式与强调句的转换I graduated from the university last summer.= It was last summer that I graduated from the university.3). 条件句与祈使句的转换If you go through the gate, you will find the entrance to Bear Country. = Go through the gate, 。

21、and you will find the entrance to Bear Country.4). 宾语从句与状语从句的转换I won't believe what he says. = No matter what he says, I won't believe him.6、“二态”之间的转换1). 时态的转换The bell is ringing now.= There goes the bell.2). 主动语态变为被动语态People suggested that the meeting be put off.= It is suggested that the meeting be put off.7、其他形式的转换1). 正常语序与倒装语序的转换Though I'm weak I will make the effort.= Weak as I am, I will mak。

22、e the effort.They will never give up the struggle for success= Never will they give up the struggle for success.2). 陈述语气与虚拟语气的转换The ship didn't sink with all on board because there were the efforts of the captain. = But for the efforts of the captain, the ship would have sunk with all on board.冲刺训练 【示例1】观点型作文 近期某网站就央视台标是否应由英文缩写CCTV改成汉字标识问题对网民进行了调查,结果赞成修改的占70%,反对的占30%。请用英文写一篇短文:介绍该结果,解析赞成好反对的理由,并谈谈。

23、自己的观点,以便在某英文网站“current Issues”专栏上。 注意:1.词数:120—150. 2.第一段已经给出,不计入总词数 Recently a website has made a survey among netizens on whether CCTV should change its logo. The results are as follows.【写作指导】: 正反观点型作文是高考训练的常见题型,平时多积累一些相关词汇、短语和句型对于备考很有帮助。如:支持/赞成 be in favor of/ be for/ approve of 反对 be against/ disagree/disapprove of 优点 advantages 缺点 disadvantages/ shortcomings/drawbacks . 常见句型:Different people 。

24、have different ideas/opinions/views on…There are different ideas about …,Some people hold the idea/opinion that …,Each coin has two sides.On (the) one hand; on the other hand…In my opinion,As far as I’m concerned,From my point of view,One possible version: Recently a website has made a survey among netizens on whether CCTV should change its logo. The results are as follows. Seventy percent of thos。

25、e interviewed say the logo should be changed. They argued that while China is becoming more and more powerful economically, it lacks the so-called “soft power”: the ability to influence the world by its culture. As China’s No.1 TV station, China Central TV Station has the responsibility to take the lead in developing China’s soft power. Changing the logo into a Chinese one would to some extent hel。

26、p raise international viewers’ awareness of the Chinese culture. In contrast, only 30% of the interviewees are against a change, maintaining the logo has been used for decades and is already a familiar symbol for the station’s identity. A change would no doubt cause confusion, at least temporarily. Personally, I would take the side of the minority. A logo is just a logo. There is much more to do to develop China’s soft power. So why bother?。

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